Zhong Yang Street
Zhong Yang Street is a prosperous commercial street which is located in the heart of Harbin. It measures 1450 meters from Jingwei Street in the south to the flood control monument on the riverbank in the north. It is china’s longest walkway. The street was built at the end of the last century. It was connected to a wharf at the Songhua River. Because of the constant transport of the goods needed for building the china eastern railway, a shopping center began to take shape along this street at the turn of the century. Harbin at that time was a semi-colonial city with a foreign population of many thousands. politics and economy were actually controlled by foreign powers. Owing to the concentration of chinese shops along this street, foreigners took it as a china town and called it china street.
Zhong Yang Street is a street of architecture as over 70 buildings appear in different styles. It is a rare architectural art gallery in China. The street is the epitome of Harbin. Both the Harbin's unique architectural culture and people's European life in Harbin are clearly reflected here. It is known as the "First Street in Asia."
Saint Sophia Cathedral in Harbin
Saint Sophia Cathedral in Harbin is a former Russian Orthodox church located in the central district of Daoli, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, China. It was built in 1907 after the completion of the Trans-Siberian Railway in 1903, which connected Vladivostok to northeast China.
In 1921, Harbin had a population of 300,000, including 100,000 Russians. The church was expanded and renovated from September 23, 1923, when a ceremony was held to celebrate the laying of the cornerstone, to its completion on November 25, 1932, after nine years. The present-day St. Sophia Church was hailed as a monumental work of art and the largest Orthodox church in the Far East.
The church is located on the corner of Toulong Street (Toulong jie) and Zhaolin Street (Zhaolin jie). It stands at 53.3 meters (175 ft) tall, occupies an area of 721 square meters (0.18 acres), and is the perfect example of Neo-Byzantine architecture. The main structure is laid out like a cross with the main hall topped with a huge green-tipped dome. Under the bright sun, the church and the square area it stands on look quite like Red Square in Moscow.
Facing the downtown area across the Songhua River, Sun Island is a 38-square-km sand bar lapped by the waters of the river. In summer, leafy trees and carpet-like lawns can make visitors feel so comfortable that they are often reluctant to leave. In winter, the island has become the venue of international ice sculpture competition. It is the first city card of Harbin.
The Dragon Tower---the broadcasting television tower of Heilongjiang Province, is located in the high and new technology development zone of Harbin. The tower is 336 meters high, ranks the second highest steel architecture tower in the world and the first highest in Asia. It likes a dazzing jewel inlaid on the earth of Heilongjiang. The Dragon Tower is awarded the title of Grade-AAAA tourist scene by the State Tourism Administration. It has become the landmark scene of Harbin and even Heilongjiang Province, and attracts world people’s attention.
The Dragon Tower is a comprehensive multifunctional tower that integrates transmission of broadcast and TV, tourism, sightseeing, food and beverage service, and wireless communication together.
Harbin Travel The Memorial Tower of Fighting Against the Floods of Songhua River
In order to commemorate the glorious victory of fighting against the floods and building the banks, and to award the great achievements of the people, the government built the Memorial tower of Fighting against Floods. Being 22.5 meters high, it was built with stone blocks on the foundation, which represents the imperishability of the riverbanks. The fountain in the front stands for the brave and intelligent people in Harbin who are taming the violent floods and eliminating the catastrophes and bringing happiness to the people. The lower step is marked 119.72 meters above the sea level, which represents the highest water level in 1932 when the floods devastated Harbin. The higher step is marked 120.30 meter above the sea level,representing the highest water level in 1957 when the Harbin people defeated the heavy floods.
Harbin Summer Music Concert
Harbin Summer Music Concert ('Concert' for short) is a national concert festival, which is held on 6 August every two years for a period of 10~11 days. During the concert, multiple evenings, concert, race and activities are held. The artists come from all over the world.
The 'Harbin Summer Music Month', which was then renamed as 'Harbin Summer Music Concert', was held in August 1958. The first formal Concert was held on 5 August 1961 in Harbin Youth Palace and from 1994, it has been held every two years. As a part of 2006 Harbin Summer Music Concert's opening ceremony, a 1,001-piano concert was held in Harbin's Flood memorial square located at the north end of Zhongyang Street on 6 August 2006. Repertoires of the ensemble consisted of Triumphal March, Military March, Radetzky March and famous traditional local song On The Sun Island. This concert set a new Guinness World Record for largest piano ensemble, surpassing the previous record held by German artists in a 600-piano concert.
Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival
The Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival is an annual winter festival that takes place with a theme in Harbin, Heilongjiang, China, and is one of the four largest ice and snow festivals in the world, along with Japan's Sapporo Snow Festival, Canada's Quebec City Winter Carnival, and Norway's Holmenkollen Ski Festival. At first participants in the festival were mainly Chinese, however it has since become an international festival and competition. The festival includes the world's biggest ice sculptures.
Officially, the festival starts on January 5 and lasts one month. However, exhibits often open earlier and stay longer, weather permitting. While ice sculptures are erected throughout the city, there are two main exhibition areas:
•Sun Island is a recreational area on the opposite side of the Songhua River from the city, which features an expo of enormous snow sculptures.
•Ice and Snow World is an area open at night which features illuminated full size buildings made from blocks of 2–3' thick ice taken directly from the Songhua River. At first China celebrated it then Harbin took over.
During the festival, there are ice lantern park touring activities held in many parks in the city. Winter activities during the festival include Yabuli alpine skiing, winter-swimming in the Songhua River, and the ice-lantern exhibition in Zhaolin Garden.
Harbin is located in Northeast China and receives cold winter wind from Siberia. The average temperature in summer is 21.2 °C (70.2 °F), and –16.8 °C (1.8 °F) in winter. Annual lows of -35 °C (–31 °F) are not uncommon.